# IAS 11 Construction Contracts Workings

1. says

Hi Sir,
I can understand the logic of comparing cummulative revenue to recognise in SOCI for an accounting year for contracts more than a year. But I couldnt understand the recognition of cost. I understand that cost incurred for a year specifically must be fully recognised. However, I couldnt understand the part about general cost. Revenue figure used is the comparison for 2 consecutive years and the same goes for the cost right? But it doesnt make sense to compare the estimated cost for completion for year 1 with the cost in year 2. Could you please explain using the example 5 in the course notes?

• says

The cost in year 2 is also estimated cost to complete. It’s the same calculation for all years. As for estimation, the whole exercise is an estimation game. Estimated stage of completion and estimated cost to complete. Both amounts are fundamental to the accounting treatment.

But an estimate is better than saying “no revenue because we are not able to estimate stage reached” or “let’s only recognize costs to date because all the rest are estimates of future costs”

I don’t really understand your point about “it doesn’t make sense to compare estimated cost for completion in year 1with the cost in year 2″

• says

Well… I basically can’t understand the answers for example 5 for the SOCI part. How to arrive to the figures in the costs recognised? I didnt have problems with year 1.

• says

Ah! Is this the example where a loss is forecast at the end of year 2? I believe that it is! Where a contract is forecast to be loss making, we calculate revenue in the normal way and put the figure in the top line of working one, forecast the overall loss and put that figure for forecast loss in the bottom line of working one, then complete working one by putting in the figure for expenses that, when deducted from the top line will give you the figure in the bottom line.

Then compare that year 2 cumulative expense amount with the expense amount from year 1 and the difference is expenses recognised

Is that better?

• says

That’s better! I missed out seeing the loss forecast in year 2. Having understood that part, my ultimate question is, how do i forecast the lost in year 2 for the compared cumulative working? Perhaps I should tell you how i did my working.
Year 2
General cost (500 – 300+600 – 500 ) x (65%- 35%) 105
Period cost 40
—–
145
But then there’s no loss to forecast when i compare it with the revenue 1M x (65% – 35%).

And then for year 3, my cost recognised was
General cost 800 x 100% – 65% 280
Period 190
—–
470
And then revenue will be 1M x 35% + 200.

• says

Don’t do the multiplication of 65 – 35!

Have you looked at the 5 column answer at the back of the notes?

Work out the 65% position and then deduct the 35% column from the 65% column

Try that and, if it’s still not hitting home, post again

• says

I did. I looked at the answers already. I still can’t get it.

• says

Have you added together the costs to date and the estimated cost to complete? And then compared that total with the contract value?

• says

2. says

Hi Mike,

Can you explain the (a) accounting treatment & the (b) impact on the % of completion of the project for:
(1) Contract variation (ie Addition of a retractable roof of a project)
(2) Error costs made by (2.a) the sub-contractor (ie engineer) or by the (2.b) contractor

Thanks,

Hazel

• says

For something as substantial as a retractable roof variation ….. at what stage of the main contract was the roof variation agreed? In practical terms I can only imagine that such a variation would result in “start again”!

It must surely affect the engineering of the walls of the sub-structure (a stadium?)

IF it doesn’t have that affect on the main contract but can simply be added on, then the original contract value is increased and the percentage completed calculation will be correspondingly affected

Re error costs – if it’s an error by the engineer – I can only hope that he has good insurance. An error by a structural engineer would tend to have major financial implications. I’m thinking of recent disasters – a supermarket in Latvia, a bridge in Brazil, numerous buildings in China

Errors by the contractor – it seems to me when I read about this type of disaster that the contractor and the engineer both very quickly leave the scene and are never heard of again – basically, they run away!

However, on the assumption that they don’t run away, the engineer will be covered by insurance and the contractor, if solvent, will have to pay any additional costs himself

3. says

Thanks Mr Mike
Please what is mean amount invoiced ? it is amount of contract? and what different between amount due from customer in W1 and W2?
thanks

• says

Amount invoiced is ……. the amount invoiced! In other words it is the amount of money received plus any outstanding invoices sent.

The difference between “amounts due from customers” in working 2 and “amounts due from customers” in working 3 is the nature of the customers’ obligation.

In working 2, the amount is by nature “unbilled work in progress” whereas in working 3 the amount is by nature an account receivable

Ok?

4. says

why after this great lecture, i am still having difficuties doing past exam papers?

• says

@tiamaria, dear first take the third lecture of this chapter then attempt past exams or revision kit if you have difficulties then compare it with your written lecture and if further guidance required then compare with answers of questions if
more guidance required then reply to my comment and i will solve your problem!!