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April 17, 2015 at 12:30 am
Hello sir can you please help me with the following – are forward rate agreements the same as future contracts? and what does it mean when it is quoted like this 6V9 – 7•30 – 7.00%
John Moffat says
April 17, 2015 at 10:14 am
No – FRA’s are not the same as futures.
You have asked this below a lecture on foreign exchange risk management, whereas FRA’s relate to interest rate risk management (and are dealt with in those lectures!).
It is where the bank will fix an interest rate today for a loan or deposit starting on a future date.
In your example, it means that for a loan starting in 6 months time and finishing in 9 months time (i.e. a 3 month loan) they offer fixed interest of 7.00% per year on deposits and charge interest of 7.30% on loans.
April 18, 2015 at 12:34 pm
Ok thank you
March 14, 2015 at 6:54 pm
Okay here is another silly question well there isnt right. We in UK we need to receive $ therefore inorder for us to receive $ im in the bank what do i do sell or buy pounds? On the other hand if we need to pay$ we need to buy $ therefore we have to sell pounds in order to buy $. What is the rule here? Im imagining myself at the bank to pay $ and what i would do over the counter in the bank.
March 14, 2015 at 7:21 pm
If you receive $’s from a customer, then you will sell the $’s to the bank and receive £’s from the bank (same a buying £’s from the bank and paying for them in $’s)
March 16, 2015 at 4:58 pm
so if you need to pay $ then u buy pounds from the bank?
March 16, 2015 at 6:14 pm
No – why would you want to buy GBP’s if you are in the UK and need to pay $’s??
If you need to pay $’s then you will buy $’s from the bank which means selling GBP’s to the bank.
March 14, 2015 at 6:47 pm
really is that it?
March 14, 2015 at 7:22 pm
Is what it ???
March 16, 2015 at 4:59 pm
whether u need to multiply if u use first currency and divide if using second currency
March 14, 2015 at 5:46 pm
Hi I still get confused when to multiply or when to divide i know which exchange rate to use but not sure whther to divide or sell
Am i right by saying if you need to calculate the first currency you multiply and if you need to calculate the second currency you divide?
March 14, 2015 at 5:57 pm
January 1, 2015 at 6:22 am
the is no video for the p4 note. it seems it has been taken down
January 1, 2015 at 9:42 am
The video has not been taken down and is working fine.
Any problem must be at your end – you should visit the support page (the link is above).
September 9, 2014 at 1:54 am
I want to specially thank you for the video lectures uploaded. But at the same time, I will like you to give instructions on downloading these video lectures so that one can watch them over and over again even when there is no internet access.
September 9, 2014 at 7:12 am
The lectures can only be watched online – they cannot be downloaded.
This is the only way that we can keep this website free of charge.
November 2, 2013 at 3:01 am
Thanks a lot opentution…..nw only i got it right. all these times it was confusing me n now i got d correct logic. Thanks again….
October 18, 2013 at 11:52 am
I am sorry if do not understand something. But in example after example 1 the second example where we sell GBP 1,493,250.00 and get for it only Euro 500,000.00? Please explain if I am missing something.
October 18, 2013 at 6:03 pm
I am not sure what the problem you are having is.
The exchange rate given is £/Eur 2.9865
This means that 2.9865 £’s are equal to 1 EUR. The way rates are quoted in the exam is that 2.9865 of the first quoted currency (here £’s) = 1 of the second quoted currency (here Euros).
So 2 EUR = 2 x 2.9865 £’s and so on.
So 500,000 EUR = 500,000 x 2.9865 £’s = GBP 1493250
What might be confusing you is that often on the TV etc, they quote rates differently, but the rule in the exam is that above.
Also, of course the rate I have given is not realistic (at the moment!) but in the exam obviously you use whatever rate you are given.
October 19, 2013 at 1:22 pm
The way showed how to calculate exchange for me seems correct and understandable. What confuses me is that 1 euro is worth more than 1 pound. Or I should not pay attention to it?
October 19, 2013 at 1:34 pm
As I said in my previous reply, the exchange rate used is nothing like the current exchange rate. However in the exam you use whatever exchange rate is given to you.
(At present 1 Euro is worth less than 1 pound, but that might not always be the case, and there are certainly other currencies that are worth more than 1 pound.)
August 23, 2013 at 9:21 am
Very nice lecture. God bless.
May 21, 2013 at 4:46 pm
I think the easy way to remember is to think that we will always be at loss. So we choose the rate which costs us more or gives us less.. Is this okay?
May 21, 2013 at 5:18 pm
That’s fine. As long as you can get the correct rate to use quickly, then whatever way is easiest for you
April 8, 2013 at 9:36 pm
Sorry I forgot to add that usually all currencies are quoted against USD except the “Queen’s curriencies” i.e. GBP, AUSD, NZD etc. and also the Euro that are quoted as base currencies therefore instead of $/£ (as shown in the example) we would have GBPUSD (£/$) pair – therefore it would correctly be 1.6 USD for every 1 GBP.
I think. But I could be wrong.
April 9, 2013 at 8:41 am
Which way round currencies are quoted differs between countries, and also between channels (e.g. the way the bank quotes is not necessarily the same way round as the way TV channels quote).
What is in the lecture is correct for the exam!
See my other answer below.
April 9, 2013 at 7:02 pm
I agree. Many thanks.
April 8, 2013 at 8:01 pm
I’ve read everywhere else that the currency quotes are always: 1 of base currency (i.e. $ in this case) to however much of the counter currency (i.e £1.6 in the above example). Here the lecturer says it is the other way around.
Forgive me but am I missing something?
April 9, 2013 at 8:35 am
The lecture makes it clear and is correct.
In practice there are always 2 ways of quoting exchange rates – there is no ‘official’ way of quoting them (even though most quote against their own currency.
However in the exam, if it is (for example) a $/£ quote, then it is giving the number of $’s that equal 1 £
Similarly if it is a EUR/$ quote, then it is giving the number of EUR that equal 1 $
I am only concerned about helping people to pass the exam, and in the exam the quotes are always as above (and as per the lecture) unless, obviously, you are told different.
April 9, 2013 at 7:01 pm
Many thanks Mr Moffat. It can get confusing at times (at least for me, it does), but your explanations are very clear, as always. I’ll stick with your method. Cheers!
May 21, 2013 at 5:17 pm
I agree that it is confusing (and thank you for the comments)
February 23, 2013 at 6:36 pm
this video might just do the trick to finally understand foreign exchange
November 18, 2012 at 7:43 am
thank you for the lecture, so easy to understand and to apply the knowledge
October 17, 2012 at 5:43 am
Awesome, I now totally understand it. I used to mix up the buying and selling rates between the bank and customer. It has been ironed out. Thanks O.T
May 25, 2012 at 6:01 pm
Wowww Thank you so much for your work!!
May 24, 2012 at 2:39 pm
Really nice. definitely got it now.
May 22, 2012 at 10:15 pm
This is a great lecture. I am now very much clear about the concept of buyinh and selling rates and how to use them…
May 18, 2012 at 11:47 pm
Thanks for the tips. It is clearer now. Great Lecture
December 4, 2011 at 1:25 am
Now the home,base and cross currency that I have learnt is much clearer. Until this I couldn’t get it right. Thanks
November 6, 2011 at 2:42 pm
You really only get the beauty of this presentation when you have had to reverse engineer how some of the text books present this…
October 23, 2011 at 10:24 pm
These letures on Chapter 17 are great! I watched all of them and they helped me enormously, so a HUGE thank you to Open Tuition!!!
October 19, 2011 at 6:19 pm
You have ironed out the common errors that I have been making when converting the currencies.
May 6, 2011 at 3:11 pm
Wow! What can I say? I just love it.
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