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July 25, 2016 at 10:01 pm
Must an offer include consideration?
June 9, 2016 at 2:40 am
Are we supposed to remember Carlill v Carbolic (the case names) and what happened in all these cases for our MCQ’s. Or they are just examples to make us understand the difference between what’s an offer or invitation.
June 9, 2016 at 8:23 am
You’re not going to get the opportunity to show off your encyclopedic knowledge of case names, sorry. Nor case dates nor section numbers of Acts, not the names of Acts
You’re only going to get the opportunity to show that you have remembered principles of law. Where will you find those principles? How will you remember that goods displayed in a shop window are invitations and not offers?
June 9, 2016 at 9:01 am
What do you mean by the two questions??
June 9, 2016 at 10:24 am
What is there not to understand about the two questions?
Here they are again – and I can see nothing in there that needs any explanation 🙁
Where will you find those principles? Well – where will you find the principles of law?
How will you remember that goods displayed in a shop window are invitations and not offers? Do you have some easier way of remembering that “goods displayed in a shop window are invitations and not offers” – other than by remembering the story of the flick knife case?
June 9, 2016 at 12:56 pm
Right thanks a lot Sir.
June 9, 2016 at 1:13 pm
May 1, 2016 at 1:52 pm
Hello, can you please tell me how old are your lectures? Are they still relevant for 2016 sitting? Is there anything that’s missing? Thank you. Natalia
June 9, 2016 at 8:28 am
Natalia, if you want to be sure of a response from us, you need to post your questions on the Ask ACA Tutor page. We DO look at that page and we DO respond
But a question posted in a general forum or after a video lecture – you’ll be very lucky if we even see it.
How old are the lectures? that’s a beautiful thing about the English legal system – very little changes. Much of the law that is applied in the 21st century was laid down in the 15th and 16th century (and obviously more recent times too)
The stuff in the course notes and in the lectures is up to date (except I need to amend the course notes to say that the minimum number of members in a public company is just 1 whereas notes and lectures say 2)
And, of course, if you’ve any problems, you can post them on the F4 Ask ACCA Tutor page and I shall get back to you
April 22, 2016 at 4:00 pm
Right at the start of the course notes – immediately after the contents page and before chapter 3
April 22, 2016 at 1:43 pm
Where are chapters 1 and 2 for F4?
February 15, 2016 at 3:44 pm
Will there be an example on the CBE on F4 soon?
February 15, 2016 at 4:37 pm
I believe that ACCA has recently released an example (I may be wrong!)
January 20, 2016 at 3:25 pm
Hey! Can I know if I can use these lectures for studying International Sale of Goods, Obligations and Risks of buyers,etc etc which are there in the F4 Global Variant?
January 20, 2016 at 4:10 pm
Hi, no, the lectures were recorded for F4 English variant. In the very near future I’m going to start recording for global variant, chapters 1 – 9. But they don’t exist just yet
Sorry, but if you read the course notes and you come across a problem, don’t hesitate to post your question on the Ask ACCA Tutor F4 page and I’ll get right back to you
January 24, 2016 at 6:53 pm
Okay. I am having difficulty learning the Incoterms as well as all those Legal systems. My question is, if I go through the OpenTuition notes very carefully and read them thoroughly, is it enough for me? or should I go through the text book as well?
January 24, 2016 at 6:56 pm
I tried going through the text but it felt all french to me so I couldn’t understand it. I also cannot find the lectures for these chapters anywhere on the internet. Could you help me please
January 25, 2016 at 10:38 am
Read the opentuition notes, repeatedly. They’re nowhere near as full as a study text …. but at least they are readable!
Yes, read the notes and then start practicing mcqs from a revision kit. And don’t mark your attempt in the revision kit itself. Mark your effort on a separate piece of paper – that will enable you to go over and over the questions multiple times
December 19, 2015 at 2:51 am
Ok Sir thanks…
December 19, 2015 at 9:25 am
December 17, 2015 at 1:14 am
Hello Mr.Mike..Are these lectures,Notes & Revision notes for Dec.2015 eligible for 2016 exams or they will be updated? Please advise
December 18, 2015 at 11:36 am
They’re fine for 2016 but you need to change your avatar! The ACCA get very upset if people use their avatar without prior permission
November 18, 2015 at 5:24 pm
Where can I find the case list?
November 18, 2015 at 6:03 pm
It’s gone Lara. It’s no longer of such great significance as it used to be. With the exam format now entirely multi-guess, the knowledge of cases and case names is virtually redundant.
I’ve left the lectures because the stories behind the cases help to make the principles more “alive”, but don’t bother even beginning to try to memorise case names
June 27, 2015 at 8:56 pm
This person is awesome!
Although clearing F4 long time ago, i still come to listen because he inspired me. the best lecturer ever.
September 8, 2015 at 6:54 pm
thank you for your comment 😉 Enjoy!
June 27, 2015 at 4:11 am
HELOOO…PLS HEIP ME HOW TO DOWNLOAD THE VIDEOS
June 27, 2015 at 8:24 am
HELLO! WHY ARE WE WRITING IN UPPER CASE? PLEASE DON’T DO THIS IN FUTURE!
Now, how to download the videos – sadly, you can’t. It’s the only way that we can keep the site free
But you can watch them as frequently and as often and as regularly as you wish. You can get even get friends and family to watch them with you – make an evening of it.
And every time you watch them think to yourself “This is FREE!”
But they’re not available to be downloaded
March 5, 2015 at 2:18 pm
hello mike i wanna know will there be upgraded lectures for the C.B.E exams will be pleased to know? as you are discussing manual exam tricks and focusing on manual exam throughout you lectures?
March 5, 2015 at 6:23 pm
Hi, there really isn’t (in my opinion) any need to change the lectures. I think that ALL students facing F4 should by now be aware that the format of the exam has changed ……. but it is only the format that has changed. The knowledge and the depth of that knowledge has not changed.
Obviously there is now no longer any need to know case names – but, there again, there never was any absolute need to know case names ….. they just made it easier to remember the principles established by those cases
No, no plans to change / update the lectures
February 27, 2015 at 11:47 am
The lecture stops around 5:23…tried chrome and safari on my ipad with similar issues….any way you can help?
February 27, 2015 at 11:58 am
your internet connection is to blame, when the lecture stops. press play, it should pick up where it stopped..
January 31, 2015 at 5:14 pm
firstly……your lectures have gotten me through countless exams and i’m more than greatful for it. you truly make learning and exciting and knowledgable experience.
Secondly……..I just wanted to confirm “in the carbolic soap case, would Carlile be the offerer and the Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. the offeree,(since the ad was an intention to treat) and so the offer to try out the product would be made by Carlile and the acceptance of it would be made by the Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. in order to enter an agreement.
In addition with regards to agreement by conduct, wouldn’t she, going to the store or going online and purchasing that product viewed be viewed as agreement by conduct. She offered to purchase the item and they accepted by receiving her payment, and so no need to communicate further.
Also I wanted to confirm whether the court views the contract of purchasing the product and the contract of offer a the reward as two separate contracts, since it might had been as a result of this much guarantee and reward that Carlile tried out the product to begin with.
January 31, 2015 at 5:22 pm
The whole point about this case is that an advert CAN IN FACT be an offer to the world at large (Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co
You really do need to look at Carlill again but this time accept that the company’s advert is an offer and that Mrs Carlill is accepting the company’s reckless offer
January 31, 2015 at 5:42 pm
OK ….I carefully looked at the Carlill’s Case again, and it was made more clearer to me following your advice and, viewing the advert as an offer. Thank you for your quick response and explanation. It was simple and precise.
January 31, 2015 at 5:48 pm
perfectly clear……thank you
January 9, 2015 at 2:56 pm
Not sure if I can remember all the cases but I can bet my life I won’t forget the FLICK KNIFE case ever. A brilliant strategy by you sir to help students remember the cases 😀 Can’t stop laughing oh god
January 9, 2015 at 3:39 pm
There used to be a comedy show on UK BBC called “Allo ‘Allo” and the comedic German officer was called Herr Flick (It doesn’t have the same impact in lower case!) I’m always reminded of him whenever I teach that particular case and it always brings a smile to my face 🙂
January 9, 2015 at 7:18 pm
haha I cannot thank you enough for your brilliant work on this paper. I never thought I would love a paper full of theory so much. I think I can get myself ready for the exam in a week or two. Thanks so much!
January 9, 2015 at 7:22 pm
good luck – and let me know how you go on
February 3, 2015 at 6:30 am
I’m letting you know that I have just come home from the exam center securing 85% marks. 95% credit is yours and 5% is mine. I don’t think I can thank you enough. Thanks so much
February 3, 2015 at 6:42 am
Well done Angelcorpse! That’s a wonderful score 🙂
Onwards and upwards!
December 28, 2014 at 8:41 am
how can I download this video lectures for my studies
December 28, 2014 at 8:00 pm
Lukeman, you can’t! The videos are not downloadable but you can watch them as often as you want. It’s the only way we can continue to keep this site free – sorry
September 9, 2014 at 9:50 pm
hello help me on how to study f4
September 9, 2014 at 7:55 am
If it were my personal choice for me, I would go for English Law. The problem for non-natural English speakers is the complexity of the World of contract law. Itself is “tricky” but “tricky in a foreign language” and often mixed in with apparently “perverse” decisions makes it a difficult paper.
However, with the introduction of mcqs we could find that it’s less of a trial.
I believe that the key to success will now be constant and endless practice of mcqs.
Because of a technical problem with my tablet, I have not yet been able to supply Admin with any mcqs of my own making.
However, it will be necessary anyway for you to obtain a revisiion kit from a repuatable publisher as soon as possible.
Then, get stuck into those questions.
A word of advice – do NOT write in the revision kit – don’t mark it with your answers.
If you do, you will not be able to go back again and again to attempt the questions.
In addition, of course, when you have passed paper F4, you will then be able to sell the revision kit to a new entrant to the wonderful world of ACCA F4 law. This opportunity will be lost to you if you mark the answers in the book
October 9, 2014 at 3:20 am
The video lecture that is opening is F7 and not law why is this so?
September 9, 2014 at 7:38 am
Hi Mike! I still have not decide which variant for my F4 paper. Is it wise if I just choose the English or Global variant just to get through the paper using the lectures here? If I register for classes (which of course I ll need to pay for), I should be sitting for Singapore variant. Do you have any advice?
May 17, 2014 at 5:10 pm
I passed F4 with the help of these video lectures in just a month and half. Literally, when i was sitting the exam, i had forgotten most names for the cases and if I had read the new syllabus could have attempted the last question too, but still I was shocked when i saw my results. Mike’s lectures are awesome, the best perhaps on this website, very entertaining.
March 27, 2014 at 3:34 pm
I did not enrol for a taught course, rather I enrolled for Standard revision course. I am depending on open tuitions’ lecture videos and all I can say is, it is really helpful.. Although some of the areas on the notes aren’t been covered.. I just google and read through it. Fingers crossed for all of us on June if there’s anyone here who’ll take the exam as well. 🙂
April 28, 2014 at 10:41 pm
Its really helpful i only got like a month and one week to get through the course jus hoping to pass
February 25, 2014 at 8:59 pm
hi admen me give the last year 2013 december ,f 4 paper exam,,but examiner give the very low marks,me very upset what the my wrong please how to got 50% marks possible and easy pass,give the some information and evrey day how many hours study my paper f4 (eng,)my this time is third time exam, me to much upset please help me,,,sir,
January 30, 2014 at 6:29 pm
how can i download these lecture videos
January 30, 2014 at 6:33 pm
These guys at opentution must be so sick of this question – its like every tenth question is how can i download these lecture videos!
you cant – the notes are but the videos arnt. Admin and johnmoffat and mikelittle all keep saying that its the only way they can keep the site free – by not having the videos downloadabler
December 19, 2013 at 9:50 pm
I was fearful about F4, but since I started listening to the lectures, I have become more hopeful. I just need a text to get started, a second hand one would be ok.
December 20, 2013 at 8:37 am
More important than a study text is a revision kit!
You can pass this paper without a study text but you would really struggle to pass withput a revision kit
Listen to the videos / audios, read the course notes multiple times and read the questions and answers in the revision kit.
Mike’s advice is to read those questions and answers until you are sick of them. Thats what I did – got through them 3 (maybe 4) times and cruised through the exam
March 6, 2014 at 8:58 pm
hi can you send me an email to this address : firstname.lastname@example.org so i can laise with you regarding F4?
March 10, 2014 at 1:22 am
hey i have f4 study text n revision kit soft copy email me at email@example.com
December 20, 2013 at 7:50 pm
Thanks for you advise guys, I really appreciate it. I know I need both the text and the kit, but I just wanted to get started reading the text. I am in Jamaica, I’m just trying to source a second hand book. Are any of you guys close by?
December 21, 2013 at 9:19 am
Hi, I wuldnt even bother with a study text. I see Mikes advice also says that you can pass without a text. And gingergirl seems to have done it woithout. Thats what Im aiming to do
Morag Gillies says
October 29, 2013 at 2:00 pm
I have only jst discovered these amazing lectures after trying to understand the bpp books. do you think I have enough time to pass the exam with five weeks to go spending about 15 hours a week as I have another exam ( that revision is going really well). Can I also pass with jst the info from the lectures and the revision kit from bpp? Also I do have the bpp stdy text bt can’t see sharia law bt I see it will be tested ( think I ready that somewhere) in the English variant of f4?
October 29, 2013 at 2:29 pm
The key is to practice as many past exam questions as possible
October 29, 2013 at 2:36 pm
Thank you if i do that from the bpp revision text and finish your lectures by early next week is this enough time or would you ( as in what would you do) now do F4 in june next year as only a month away to do past papers once I finish your lectures. I have paid for the exam but should i just concentrate on my other exam or do you think with your amazing lectures I have a good chance as finally F4 making sense. Thank you for your help.
October 29, 2013 at 3:07 pm
Also I read shariah law is to be examined bt it is not in the BPP book – can you recommend somewhere to find out about this in the correct detail please?
October 29, 2013 at 4:57 pm
Hi – it would be a MOST UNUSUAL English variant exam which required a knowledge of Sharia law. And if (and it most probably won’t) it came up in the exam, it’s not going to be more than 5 marks MAXIMUM. Yes, you have time still to do the work in time for the exam, so get stuck into the lectures, videos, audios and the, as soon as you can, start reading (not trying to learn, just reading) the printed past exam questions and answers. Read them like you would a book. Then read them again. And again.
But DO NOT even begin to think that you can / should produce answers in the same detail nor length of the printed solutions. There is absolutely NO WAY that you will get anywhere near the quality of those answers. They have been written by tutors (or the examiner) NOT under exam conditions (no time pressure, no reference books). Your task is to read the question, plan an answer for 5 minutes and then write 10 correct, relevant, markable sentences in just 13 minutes! That’s 1.3 minutes per sentence. One minute eighteen seconds for each and every sentence.
There is not a chance in this life that you can do that in the exam. So give up that hope right now. As a little exercise, just copy some lines from your textbook and time yourself for 1.3 minutes. You will do very well to get beyond 4 lines and even then it’s because your handwriting is large!
No problem about shortage of time for December. Remember, read, read, read, and then again, read. And when you’ve had enough, read the whole revision kit again. And again. Are you getting the message?
And good luck in December and a huge smile in February
October 29, 2013 at 5:04 pm
Thank you – I can’t even begin to tell you how amazing your lectures are. I have been studying since september but today it finally makes sense( Have a day of work and listened to your lectures). I only have the evenings and am doing another exam. Thank you so much for the advice. sorry to go on but I do work and doing another exam – what would be the time in hours I should be studing law. I am on chapter 6 on contract law – and I get it – hopefully can write it like I get it. Thank you sooooo much.
October 29, 2013 at 5:31 pm
Morag, there’s no magic number of hours that you should be studying. For last June I had three students who discovered just one week before the exam that their employer had incorrectly entered them for the English variant whereas the course was for the global variant. They CLAIM that they worked only for 1 day, 1 day and 2 days (3 students, one did twice as much as the other 2)
They passed! (Just, but still, they passed)
October 29, 2013 at 5:35 pm
Ok , thank you – I can give it 15 hours a week for the next five weeks so hopefully that will be enough. Thank you for taking the time to reply
October 29, 2013 at 5:43 pm
You’re welcome 🙂
September 4, 2013 at 7:06 am
My class teacher is really making me depressed by saying that you have to copy each and every word in the book language from your book You shouldn’t apply your own words and etc etc…This doesn’t make sense to me but she takes test and gives the marks accordingly to her statement.
What Should I do?? Let me Know.
khalid h. farooqi says
September 28, 2013 at 4:45 pm
All that is required is that you clearly understand the underlying concepts of various laws. Verbatim reproduction of the text is neither possible nor required. You are pursuing for ACCA qualification and the LLM degree.
September 28, 2013 at 7:27 pm
It would be WONDERFUL if you could do as your tutor suggest. However, it is totally unrealistic. I don’t wish to undermine your tutor’s authority and I’m sure she means to do her best for you. Please, don’t make a big issue of this and don’t advertise this posting around your class but, if you have reported her words correctly, then I’m sorry to say that she’s misleading you. Hopefully, innocently!
sneha g says
June 3, 2013 at 2:18 pm
Case laws are explained in such a way that they are easy to remember. Thank you for the help . The lectures were very useful !!
April 24, 2013 at 4:40 pm
Hi sir… your lectures are great.. thxxx… I think my problem with f4 is the way I answer the questions. If possible, can I send you an answer and have your opinion about it???? thxx
April 24, 2013 at 4:37 pm
Sir, ur lectures are really helpful. thanks a lot.. I think my problem with theory papers is the way I respond to exam questions. Is it possible for to send u a question and have your opinion???? thxx
April 10, 2013 at 7:00 pm
nice lecture ….
April 10, 2013 at 9:50 am
Dear Sir, could I use the 2008 Kaplan book as reference? Are there significant changes?
April 10, 2013 at 7:30 pm
A 5 year old text book? – well, you could, but I personally would think that’s too big a risk. Can you not check your 2008 text with someone who has a 2012 or 2013 book and check the extent of the differences
February 24, 2013 at 10:07 pm
My weakness is theory and being able to retain.. Is like when you reach part D you forget part B. Sir could or anyone could you recommend a way in making this fun and simpler especially when it comes to the cases. My hours are also limited due to my job. I just need to get pass F4 and I will be fine. Any help?
April 24, 2013 at 4:46 pm
i would recommend listening to his lectures and getting the bpp I-Pass CDs the question bank helps you retain better. If unable to do so i think the flashcards and F4 revision test here also helps.
January 24, 2013 at 2:56 pm
is it correct to refer to the name of case as alphabets eg. ,i may say X v Y instant of Fisher v Bell.
October 24, 2012 at 2:26 pm
September 10, 2012 at 11:24 pm
Thank You so much Mr Mike for your wonderful tutoring.
Had always hate theory. You have made this subject interesting.
Could you please tell me if it is okay to use Kaplan 2011 text? I don’t have the 2012 update :/
And also is it possible to pass the exam this session if i give 4 hrs/day since I’ve chosen the papers for the december session (atlast – F4, F7) only today.
September 11, 2012 at 9:39 am
The 2011 Kaplan text is substantially ok but you need to download the articles on this site covering Treasury shares and the Bribery Act.
4 hours a day sounds to me like it could be enough, but don’t allow yourself to get bored or distracted. from that moment, your retention capabilities will be severely impaired. Break down your 4 hours into manageable parts.
And enjoy F4 – it’s fascinating!
September 11, 2012 at 10:41 pm
@MikeLittle, Big Thanks!
August 27, 2012 at 3:37 am
sir which study text will you recommend for f4 english law
BPP / GTG / KAPLAN / EMILEWOOLF
Because Bpp is not easily understandable because it has lot of details……………
Reply soooooooooon Please….
August 27, 2012 at 7:21 am
@acuteacca, I’m sorry but I’m not prepared to recommend any study text – different students have different preferences!
August 26, 2012 at 12:50 pm
Sir i want to ask that can we write examples instead of cases in paper
and are cases necessary for paper or not as in notes there is case after every example????
Please Please reply soon….
August 26, 2012 at 3:12 pm
@acuteacca, Examples are fine ( full case names are best, one case name is ok, “in a decided case” is ok, a “for example, if …” is acceptable )
August 27, 2012 at 3:28 am
@MikeLittle, Thank you so much sir
August 24, 2012 at 12:56 pm
sir is last case of balls was succeed or not??????
August 24, 2012 at 3:32 pm
@acuteacca, Yes, Mrs Carlill won – even though it was an advert – and therefore normally NOT an offer – the Court said that, in a reward situation, such an advert should be treated as an offer
August 26, 2012 at 12:47 pm
@MikeLittle, Thank you so much sir God bless you for your kind information…..
August 24, 2012 at 11:38 am
sir are these lectures of contract law are complete
means are these covering complete topics
August 24, 2012 at 3:30 pm
@acuteacca, Hi, there may be “bits” left off, but nothing major
@MikeLittle, Thank you so much
July 31, 2012 at 8:45 pm
Excellent lecture!! Much Obliged!
July 29, 2012 at 8:47 pm
funky girl says
June 13, 2012 at 5:32 pm
greatt lecturee (y)
June 9, 2012 at 4:04 pm
for uploading this lecture
May 20, 2012 at 4:00 am
very good lecture, Mike you are the best Tutor!
May 15, 2012 at 10:07 pm
I wasted so much time by struggling over the books, our lectures are very fast and not explained or interpreted in such detail. I love it, well done to all of you who contributed to this great helpful website!! I am now going definately pass. I finally understand all of it.
March 24, 2012 at 5:03 pm
March 22, 2012 at 7:08 pm
Sir in the case of Partridge v Crittenden (1968) defendant mentioned the price of each bird so it should be an offer not a invitation to treat. i am confused about it. Describe it plz!
May 20, 2012 at 12:53 pm
@umairhanif, It was an advert – therefore, it’s an invitation. That’s a principla which the judges appear very keen to preserve! The only time an advert will not be taken as an invitation is when it’s in a “reward” situation ( Williams v Carwardine, Carlill v Carbolic, R v Clark )
March 22, 2012 at 6:52 pm
Sir if the poisons are mentioned with the price tags then it could be an offer or not in the Boots cash chemist case(1953)?
March 22, 2012 at 7:04 pm
@umairhanif, it doesn’t matter whether or not there was an indicated price – goods in a shop or supermarket, priced or not priced, are invitations, NOT OFFERS
March 10, 2012 at 7:17 pm
Some students are so ungrateful..it really stinks!!!!! Its free and helpful be thankful atleast!!!!
Thanks to all the lecturers for the support you have given to us.
March 7, 2012 at 8:01 am
Good lecture. It topic understandable for me.
Muhammad Usman says
February 19, 2012 at 11:52 am
Sir my teacher has said that carlill v carbolic smoke balls case that lady gets the money and u r saying she didnt get that why is that plz reply me sir i m so confused.
February 27, 2012 at 5:28 pm
@Abrar khan, Listen to the part 2 chapter 4 video and find out what decision was made. The civil case was eventually made in favour of Mrs Carlill. 🙂
March 7, 2012 at 9:12 am
@Abrar khan, Are you sure that that is what I said? I cannot for one minute believe that I said the Carbolic Company won. NEVER have I EVER said that Carbolic won
February 9, 2012 at 1:41 pm
I’m having trouble viewing the lectures. Can someone please tell me how to view them.
February 9, 2012 at 11:22 pm
use google chrome
February 15, 2012 at 1:19 pm
@admin, its not workin on my iphone but it says it works perfectly on apple safari ..Any idea?
February 15, 2012 at 3:52 pm
You should know, iPhone does not support Flash, flash is a plugin for Safari, it exists for PCs but not iphones/ipads
February 27, 2012 at 5:51 pm
@aamirnadeem, this lecture should now work on the iPhone,
February 7, 2012 at 9:35 pm
Hi guys m feeling trouble in watching these lectures online . Can anybody plz let me know how cn i play these on ma ifone… ?
February 1, 2012 at 3:10 am
November 17, 2011 at 8:00 pm
Good lecture i wish i knew about this a long time ago now was just told last week by a friend
October 16, 2011 at 2:10 pm
Appreciate for provide the good lecture
September 30, 2011 at 4:09 pm
September 26, 2011 at 7:41 am
it ia amasing
September 21, 2011 at 7:29 pm
great , and good approach to learn skillful accounting………..
August 4, 2011 at 6:22 am
great lecture 🙂 this guy’s funny
August 2, 2011 at 1:00 am
ha ha ha, funny case names. Boothvpharmaceutical comp. . poison case. . thank you for such a lovely lecture.
June 7, 2011 at 3:26 am
May 27, 2011 at 5:31 pm
May 17, 2011 at 4:51 am
this is great stuff
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