- December 8, 2018 at 7:14 pm
The volume number is for a report. I wrote the reference the same as for a report but don’t know where to fit the volume number (for example vol.145). Its a report from an advisory services. I know it is not common but they included volume numbers in their reports. Any ideas on how I should deal with this?
ThanksDecember 9, 2018 at 11:02 pm
As mentioned previously and as set out in the ‘Golden Rules’, references in the text and list must match and every document must have a distinct and unique designator. So if you have done this that fulfils most of the requirements. The other most important criterion is that the reader can locate the document. So if you have provided the link to the actual document then this too is fulfilled. Should it link to a more generic website then you could provide along with the name of the report the volume number. Otherwise as you are not doing a PhD this is more than adequate for the RAP -so I suggest you stop obsessing about what in the grand scheme of things is a minor detail!December 16, 2018 at 7:23 am
hello maam iwould like to know about is ibid valid in harward referencing as my dad said it ok to go with ibid but my mentor says its notDecember 16, 2018 at 5:07 pm
It is permissible to us ibidim (ibid.) [meaning “in the same place,”] in the RAP report provided it complies with the following:
Use “ibid.” (no italics) to refer to the only work cited in the preceding note/ sentence. It may or may not include a page number (Ibid., 43.). Ibid. is never used if the preceding note
consists of more than one source.
[Please note your query should have been posted on the Harvard Referencing thread as it is the more relevant topic than competitor analysis!!]April 15, 2019 at 12:28 pm
I’ve a query in respect of referencing. I’m doing topic 17 and in my analysis and evaluation, the first thing I’ve done is benchmark my company’s corporate governance practices (taken from the Corporate Governance Report in their FS) against the principle and provisions of the specific edition of the corporate governance code.
In the lead in to this section I’ve disclosed that I’ve taken the following information on the GC practises from the FS and benchmarked them against the Code, for which I’ve referenced both through to my references list at this point using the Harvard Referencing System.
Do I need to put a reference to the GC Report after each bit of information I’ve taken from that report or will the reference at the beginning of this section noting that the following information taken from the GC Report (with the appropriate reference) suffice?
I’m just cautious about word count.April 16, 2019 at 11:07 pm
Hello Trephena and Gillian. Please I have a question about my reference list. My mentor said I should remove the hyperlinks from my URLs. My understanding is that I should also change the colour from blue to black and should remove the underlining. I have doubts about this. Could you please very kindly confirm if my mentor is correct? Part of my hesitation is that if I remove the hyperlinks, it will be more difficult for the marker to access the websites to verify. Thanks for your help.April 17, 2019 at 7:26 am
Yes the hyperlinks themselves should be removed and no URLs used in the body of the report. However with regard to your reference list itself there is no need to change the colour from blue to black or remove the underscore.April 17, 2019 at 11:36 am
Dear Trephena, thank you so much for your reply. So sorry to have to trouble you again but I still need some clarification. Should I remove the hyperlinks from the reference list? I don’t have any URLs in the body of the report itself. Thanks.April 17, 2019 at 12:23 pm
I’ve completed topic 17, and i’ve benchmarked my company’s corporate governance practices (Taken from their GC report in their financial statements) against the UK CG Code.
Leading into this analysis section I’ve stated that I’ve taken the following information from the UK CG Code and referenced the applicable addition of the code (which are in my reference list).
I’ve also stated that the following corporate governance practices have been taken from the corporate governance report in the financial statements and referenced the financial statements (which are in my reference list).
My question is do I need to then reference each part of my analysis which details information in the code and benchmarks against the practices taken from the FS
Will the references in the opening paragraph of this section suffice provided i make it clear that the information in this first section of analysis is taken from those two sources?
Going on after this section, each remaining section of my analysis includes references for each quotation, news article etcApril 23, 2019 at 3:32 pm
To pass Assessment Criterion 6 – Information gathering and referencing you are expected to demonstrate two aspects.
1. use of a range of relevant information sources and
2. clear evidence of correct referencing methodology
Dealing with the first aspect: with Topic 17 you should be referring to a range of sources – for example the Big 4 produce reviews and commentary on CG and with the new title many of the issues of weak governance will have been covered either in official reports and / or the business press. Evidence of use of such sources will be deemed necessary so the Code and Financial statements on their own are unlikely to be sufficient.
Regarding the second: As you will be switching between the Code and the Financial Statements it would be normal to show this in your text as a reference i.e. making it entirely clear where any citations are coming from and which source you are using (the reader shouldn’t have to assume or guess as academic work is supposed to be methodical and precise.
Taking a universal approach is not really recommended as it could be construed as ‘Referencing is mostly absent or unsystematic’ and this is grounds for a fail.
If you are doing this because of issues of keeping within the word count you are recommended to edit your work to try to make way for appropriate referencing (Take a look at Parts 1 & 2 as you may be able to remove commentary that does not really add value there)April 24, 2019 at 11:26 pm
I’ll add the referencing in and look to trim my word count.
I have used a wide range of other sources to gain information which I’ve included and referenced through.May 14, 2019 at 12:53 pm
Help! If I have referenced articles on news sites – do i need to reference them as a newspaper article online i.e include the full date in my reference list or is it acceptable to treat it as a web page??May 14, 2019 at 4:59 pm
GillianM – OBU Registered MentorModerator
Weblinks and URLs may be used in the reference list but please do not use them in the body of the report.
In the report you may reference them as the newspaper articles or use the name of the journalist but please read the Golden Rules on referencing (The Open Tuition Ultimate Guide to Referencing your RAP) available on the homepage to ensure you are consistent.
Markers need to be able to go straight from the report to the reference list and find things easily and then potentially be able to locate the original source – I know as I was a marker for 14 years!August 26, 2019 at 12:20 am
If I use same reference source for more than one or two sentences in a paragraph can I write the reference after the paragraph? Or should I write it after each sentence?
Thank you!August 27, 2019 at 9:56 am
The rule is every fact, opinion or the work of others needs its own reference. Therefore if you make different points within the same paragraph then these need a reference. Generally markers get exasperated if they find long paragraphs covering several things with a single ref at the end.September 1, 2019 at 1:04 pm
Thanks Madam,October 8, 2019 at 8:33 am
May I please know whether every single word in graphs get counted along with every percentage on the axis, (e.g. from 0%,5%,10%, all the upto 50%) and percentage on the bars of the bar chart?October 9, 2019 at 7:14 am
GillianM – OBU Registered MentorModerator
Not exactly. However you need to make a reasonable allowance for graphs. I normally suggest that students allow about 100 words for graphs and diagrams so ensure that their word count is under 7,400. Do not paste in tables as images unless they are literally straight from the annual report. Tables should be constructed as Word tables instead.
Markers are aware of students trying to circumvent the word count and are likely to come down heavily on anyone whom they suspect of deliberately trying to abuse it. Therefore someone who overuses abbreviations (unless they are conventional abbreviations such as GP margin and EPS type of thing) could be failed on Communication if there are simply too many abbreviations to make sense of the commentary. If a report is crammed full of pasted written images and/or graphs the marker is likely to take the view if the word count is more than about 7,400 it has in fact significantly exceeded the 7,500 limitOctober 9, 2019 at 7:40 am
Thank you so much.
1) May I know how to reference interviews conducted, because most of the information I have were obtained from interviews with the staff.
2) How do I reference a company profile or an internal report? Do I have to scan the page from the company profile where I got the information from,and attach it as an appendix?October 21, 2019 at 8:04 pm
I need some guidance on referencing and citing annual reports. My current mentor told me that it isn’t necessary to cite annual reports but I am having second thoughts. I’ll be using an example paragraph to illustrate my doubts.
In 2019, the OP margin increased by 45% mainly due to proceeds from disposals. Impairment charges increased by 45% due to impairment indicators identified in xxx and yyy; however, proceeds from the sale of xxx increased the proceeds from disposals by 50%, which inturn increased the operating profit by 60%.
1. “In 2019, the OP margin increased by 45% mainly due to proceeds from disposals.”
– I have calculated the 45% from the annual report, does it need any reference to the annual report? and if so, what is the correct format?
2. “Impairment charges increased by 45% due to impairment indicators identified in xxx and yyy; however, proceeds from the sale of xxx increased the proceeds from disposals by 50%”
-I found these information from the notes of the 2019 financial statements, does it need any reference to the annual report? and if so, what is the correct format?
3. “which inturn increased the operating profit by 108%”
-does this need any citing as well?
Thank youOctober 21, 2019 at 9:45 pm
If you’re taking about percentages/ units of ratios from your graph ratios there is no need to refrence this again in the narrative, provided you’ve referenced the graph. In the same manner there is no need to refrence figures from the financial statements such as revenue or expenses.
It will be prudent however to refrence the notes to the financial statements.
Acceptable formats are
1. (Volkswagen.com, 2018)
2. (Volkswagen.com, 2018 p67)
It’s not necessary to refrence the page, but it’s a good addition and it makes your work look professional, so why not??
It will be better even if you can get the information about the increase in impairment from an external article, as these are considered more credible than internal sources. I understand this may not be possible for every item but try as much as you can to use external sources.
Limit the use of numbers, Let your graphs do the talking, and try to like your financial analysis to you business analysis for a more in depth analysis and consequently a higher grade.October 21, 2019 at 9:51 pm
Thank you for your reply.
Suppose my company’s name is ABC, and I want to cite its 2018 annual report, I should go with (ABC Annual Report, 2018 p100), right?
And what would be its Harvard referencing format?
Thank youOctober 21, 2019 at 10:07 pm
Yes, your format is also correct.
In reference list
ABC.com. (2018). ABC annual report. [online] Available at: http://www.abc.com [Accessed 21 Oct. 2019].
It is important to be consistent, you can use the website- citethisforme.com for your referencing, it is important to be consistent.October 21, 2019 at 10:15 pm
One last thing.
Lets say we are citing ABC’s 2018 annual report. In the referencing format, the year right after the author’s name should be the year when the report was published, right?
So it would be 2019 for a 2018 annual report.
ABC.com. (2019). 2018 ABC annual report. [online] Available at: http://www.abc.com [Accessed 21 Oct. 2019].
Is this right and should I cite (ABC.com, 2019) for a 2018 annual report?October 21, 2019 at 10:28 pm
If for example the year end is December 2018 right?
Yes, this is very fine.
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