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Forums › ACCA Forums › ACCA PM Performance Management Forums › planning and operational variance
A company sets its sales budget based on an average price of $14per unit and sales volume of 250,000 units. Competition was more intense than expected and the company only achieved sales of 220,000 and had to sell at a discounted price of $12.50 per unit. The company was unable to reduce costs so profit per unit fell from $4 per unit to $2.50 per unit. It was estimated that the total market volume grew by 10% from1,000,000 units to 1,100,000 units.
Required:
(a) Calculate the sales price and volume variances.
(b) Analyse the volume variances into market share and market size.
(c) Discuss whether the price variance is a planning or operational variance.
In the following question please explain how to attempt part b and c.
(b) Based on Budgeted Sales of 250,000 units, we can say that company has a market share of 25%, i.e of the total demand of 1 million units in the market, 25% demand is fulfilled by the company.
The overall market has grown by 10%, but the company’s share of the market remained same, meaning company’s demand is still 25% of the new total demand. Hence,
Revised Standard Sales = 1,100,000*25% = 275,000 units
Market Size Variance = (250,000 – 275,000)*$4 = $100,000 Favorable
Market Share Variance = (275,000 – 220,000)*$4 = $220,000 Adverse
Note: Sales Volume Planning Variance is also called Market Size Variance, Sales Volume Operational Variance is also called Market Share Variance.