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self interest threat, self review threat, familiarity threat, intimidation threat all affects objectivity then how about independence ?
can i assme objectivity is basically the same as independence ?
Definition – Independence is:
(a) Independence of mind – the state of mind that permits the expression of a
conclusion without being affected by influences that compromise professional
judgement, thereby allowing an individual to act with INTEGRITY, and exercise
OBJECTIVITY and professional skepticism.
(b) Independence in appearance – the avoidance of facts and circumstances that are
so significant that a reasonable and informed third party would be likely to conclude,
weighing all the specific facts and circumstances, that a firm’s, or a member of the
audit or assurance team’s, INTEGRITY, OBJECTIVITY or professional skepticism has been compromised.
Independence is not a fundamental principle but underpins two fundamental principles – integrity and objectivity.
Ethical threats are not confined to those that affect objectivity and/or integrity but ANY of the fundamental principles – so also include threats to professional competence and due care, confidentiality and professional behaviour.
So, for example, a high audit fee creates a self-interest threat to independence (both integrity and objectivity) but pressure to accept a low audit fee (an intimidation threat) might result in an inappropriate reduction in the extent of audit work performed. Although there is an integrity aspect to this there is also a threat to professional competence.
so when it should have been independence and if i write objectivity, i won’t get full credit ?
You would get full credit – objectivity is the fundamental principle (and you don’t have to state every fundamental principle that may be affected by a threat in order to earn the mark).