June 13, 2014 at 9:55 am
want to do Rap on topic 2 but don’t know where to start from, gone thru the information pack but still more need help. currently working for a revenue authority responsible for collection and accounting of taxes and our organization have introduced Fiscal Devices to minimize taxpayer tax invasion with the aim of maximizing revenue collection so do I need to do primary research or secondary as the information pack says secondary research is ideal as compared to primary but still more will need to find feedback from the taxpayers themselves on this devices. please helpJune 13, 2014 at 9:55 am
i am choosing topic 2 for writing thesis can you suggest me which organization i can go for ?? topic 2 is an evaluation of how the introductiono of new technology can assist an organization in achieving ts businesz objectivesJune 13, 2014 at 4:19 pm
@warda – well first of all welcome to the OBU site
An interesting choice of topic. Normally a student choosing this topic has a particular organisation already in mind (often one they are working in or worked in recently) and the topic takes the form of looking at the proposals surrounding the implementation of new technology, the effects it is expected it will have and then an evaluation subsequently whether this improved productivity/ reduced costs etc (or some form of cost/benefit analysis) in connection with the organisation’s business objectives. For this reason probably most students choose a company they are already familiar with.
The other thing to remember is that evaluation (rather than merely describing what the company did) is critical for a pass and you need to bring some original analysis to the RAP yourself (this could be in the form of your own graphs and charts based on the figures)
I always feel students do a better RAP if they are enthusiastic about their chosen company and so I will never recommend a particular company to a student as it has to be their choice (it is their RAP after all 🙂 ). However if you can find some that fit in with the requirements for evaluation that I have outlined above, why not discuss it with your mentor, as they may be able to suggest which may be best suited to your situation?July 2, 2014 at 1:24 pm
Want to do RAP on topic 2 as the organization in which I am working(revenue Authority) have just introduced a new technology called Electrical fiscal devices so it my cab tax invasion by registered taxpayers and suppression on VAT declared among other things. is topic 2 applicable in this case and where do I start from. please adviseJuly 3, 2014 at 5:51 pm
@ellinet Sounds quite an interesting proposal. You need to set out some overarching objectives for your research: what you intend to identify, assess and ascertain from your research analysis . You then break this down into more precise questions that you expect your research to answer in order to achieve these objectives. This will form the basis of your introduction once you add how you are going to go about answering the research questions: the techniques you will use – desk research, interviews, observation, surveys and any relevant literature etc, and how you intend to gather all the information, bringing in all the limitations involved and how you propose to evaluate the results (ratios, comparison data, quantitative measures, cost benefit analysis etc) Re-read pp25-35 of the Info Pack (and jot down a few ideas as they occur to you).
Try to consider at the outset if you intend to do primary research how easy will it be to get actual taxpayers to respond? If that is likely to be difficult then you will have to use other measures to evaluate possibly to look at the costs of the technology implementation and do some form of cost benefit analysis, payback periods and consider how much tax revenue will be recovered. As it says in the Info Pack: good RAP planning and design makes for a good RAP so although it may seem an odd thing to do, try to think about what may be problematic and difficult at this stage so that you can then consider suitable alternatives and ways to get round potential obstacles. Parts 1 & 2 once you have organised your research plan is basically what I call ‘joined up writing’ – the hard thing is the brain storming beforehand and Part 3, the Analysis section, as you will need to show how the introduction of the new technology has helped the revenue authority meet one of its important business objectives, maximizing revenue collection by reducing tax evasion.
One final tip – when thinking about the challenges these make good potential material when it comes to writing your answer to SLS Q2 as you will have done some self-reflection in terms of addressing problems at the outset, so keep a note of them and any other set backs as you go along.July 6, 2014 at 11:13 pm
Following Will be helpful:
“An evaluation of how the introduction of a new technology can assist an organization in achieving its business objectives”
The Topic and its Significance:
The Topic focuses on two key issues:
* Evaluation of introduction of new technology by an organization.
* Assistance of new technology in the achievement of organization objectives.
Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry. The subject of this topic is focused on how introduction of new technology can affect organization’s ability to achieve its objectives. Topic is very different from other 19 topics, as it focuses on the importance of IT for an organization and is essential for each organization operating in current technological environment.
In this topic you will be evaluating new technology introduced by an organization and how that new technology helped organization in pulling off its objectives. Relevant ACCA subjects that affect this topic are F2, F5, F8, P1, P3 & P5 . Evaluation and assessment of introduction of new technology will be depending on the system that already exist in the organization and the questions like
* How new technology will be implemented?
* Whether direct method of implementation will be used or parallel running?
* Why management believes that implementation of new technology would be successful?
* Are objectives of the company are in line with the new technology that is about to be introduce.
* Staff and resources are adequate for injection and implementation?
Several other questions will also be asked based on the case and circumstances that affect specific industry or company.
Should I choose this Topic?
Decision of selection will be based on three things:
3.Availability of Information
Topic is only suitable if you have quick and free access to the company and its personnel and that can be available only if:
* You are an employee of the company
* You have strong contacts in the company
* The company is owned by you or one of your relatives or friends, who will allow you free access to company premises, information and personnel.
You should bear in mind that knowledge required for this topic also relate to special aspects of information technology and practical aspects related to organization. So, you will be expected to have some deep knowledge of IT and models for illustration of the facts.
Organization is most important matter of Topic 2. Reason for its importance is the topic itself. As topic relates to the implementation of technology in an organization and also the achievement of organization’s objectives after injection of new technology. So, main subject of the topic is organization. Information required about the organization would be both primary and secondary; hence you should have access to both these sources. Annual report is not very essential for this topic, so you must be ready for research on other type of data.
Information availability is a challenge for this topic as the topic is very specific to the organization. Most of the information you will need would be internal (primary). Information will only be available for this topic if you have authority to access internal information of the company and there are no confidentiality issues for the use of required information for your RAP. As you have to write 7,500 words on this topic, large amount of data will be required. Hence, you should have large amount of information available on the new technology introduced, organization’s implementation plan and strategy and objectives of introduction and extent of achievement of objectives.
The topic can be summarized as:
“Choose if you are confident that information availability will be not an issue, while keeping in mind the confidentiality issue and duration over which new technology will be implemented because new technology must be introduced and outcomes must be analyzed before the session in which you will be submitting your RAP. So, you should allow yourself sufficient time for:
* Introduction and implementation of new technology,
* Preparation of RAP”.
Thank You.July 7, 2014 at 9:46 am
An evaluation of how the introduction of a new technology can assist an organisation in achieving its business objectives.
what business models can I use.July 7, 2014 at 8:42 pm
The models and structure of your RAP will depend upon what new technology is introduced and what are organisation’s business objectives.
However, following models can be handy:
– For example, if objective is financial you can do cost and benefit analysis and analysis of financials before and after introduction of technology.
– If business objective is to Improve security then you can apply brief SWOT on it that how it helped to improve security and what are potential threats
– If objective is to improve information flow in the entity then you have to analyse how new technology assisted in information flows and what benefits it provided to entity in terms of both financial and non financial. Here you can also apply briefly building block model that how information flows helped to achieve success in that 6 dimensions of that model.
So, for this topic the main thing is first to have business objectives of organisation and details of new technology implemented. Then you will link these two matters of topic 2.
Model and structure will be developed after you know clearly your subject.
Thank You.July 9, 2014 at 9:52 am
@ hammad Ahmed Qureshi
now have an idea on where to start from on my RAP topic 2 but how about the setting of research objectives and would I be penalized for using some data from similar organizations like the one am doing a research on who introduced the new technology in the evaluation and analyzing part of the RAP.July 9, 2014 at 12:25 pm
No you will not be penalized for any information that you have used and properly reference but do not Control+C and Control+V (Copy paste) information. Try to rephrase everything with references except for quotations and definitions. You can use any information which is relevant to your topic and research but this must be referred.
Thank You.July 9, 2014 at 10:01 pm
@ellinet You can use company data for part of your evaluation section but as @hammad Ahmed Qureshi has said above it must be fully referenced (in addition to the reference if you make direct citations, from it the words must be enclosed in quotation marks “like this” to show that the words themselves are not yours (however as @hammad Ahmed Qureshi has advuised you should not copy and paste excessively, paraphrasing is better). If you use diagrams and charts these must also be referenced (if you have made them yourself from company information then you cite the source you have used)
As for your objectives –the title for Topic 2 is “An evaluation of how the introduction of a new technology can assist an organisation in achieving its business objectives ” so obviously the overarching objective will be to evaluate the effectiveness of the new technology in helping your organisation fulfil its business objectives but then you need to break it down into exactly which of its business objectives it was intended to assist with. @hammad Ahmed Quershi has given a few ideas what these may be in his answer to @sushmarudy) above. State them as sub-ohjectives that you intend to evaluate and assess.
From these objectives you can then develop some research questions that you will be attempting to answer through your research & analysis e.g. “Has the incidence of tax evasion reduced since implementation?; has the amount of revenue recovered in the period since implementation increased? etc. – depending on what the technology was required or anticipated to achieve. You could also consider whether there have been any unforeseen consequences of the technology – did the implementation create any problems or in fact any extra benefits?. From this you construct a methodology section setting out how you intend to research these (through observation/ collecting relevant data / interviews / survey) and why, and the research techniques you will be using (ratio analysis or any quantitative techniques, questionnaire) and any major sources you will be using and any limitations relating to any of these aspects. This will form basis of the research that you carry out.
You need to think of how you are going to measure or show whether or not the new technology implementation has been effective The findings from the data analysis will be your main evaluation section and should link your findings back to your research questions and the research objectives.
However in the context of evaluation you have to show that you have done something with the data (particularly if you are just using secondary data) not just setting it out and leaving it at that.. I mentioned in a previous post that you could look at some form of cost benefit analysis or possibly payback period. If the organisation has already assessed these things and this is the data you are referring to, then was it estimated? If so could you do a comparison of this with actuals and look at any variances and analyse the differences and their implications? Alternatively (or additionally) has the new technology impacted on staff morale / staff turnover or any other KPIs (like reduced the backlog of dealing with outstanding cases)? You have to demonstrate some analytical skills to satisfy all the requirements – the report as far as OBU is concerned is a ‘Research and ANALYSIS Project’. What that means is that you can’t just research and describe what happened, you also have to ‘add value’ to it by doing some analysis of your own from which you can draw sensible conclusions as well as answering the research questions.
Don’t worry if you find the technology implementation hasn’t achieved any of the organisation’s objectives it was supposed to help with – that is all part of doing research and analysis work – you mission is to establish objectively whether it has or not (and often at the outset of research you don’t know anyway). If it hasn’t you show why it hasn’t in your data analysis etc in the findings and you could consider how the problem(s) could be remedied in your recommendations section at the end.
Include an applied SWOT or PESTLE somewhere in the analysis – you could assess the strengths and weaknesses etc of the new system perhaps. One final thing wherever possible use graphs, charts or other graphics as they not only break up the text into more manageable parts for the reader but usually graphs show trends and data far more effectively than describing movements in words with the reader having to pick out the important numbers.August 6, 2014 at 9:06 am
going through the information pack there is an issue of literature review on the analysis part can somebody enlighten me on this.August 6, 2014 at 5:25 pm
@ellinet You have to remember that there are 20 different topics for the RAP and some are more theoretical than others. A literature review normally requires looking at work and research that has been conducted in the area that relates to your particular topic. For example Topic 6 would need some commentary on the research work that has been conducted in the field of motivation and Topic 17 on Corporate Governance would require a brief review of the importance of CG and how this has been developed as a consequence of Cadbury, Greenbury and Hempel.
For some topics there is not much material that relates to the theory and probably Topic 2 is one of them. However if appropriate you could try to analyse a little more of the background to the problem that the fiscal authority is experiencing. Presumably there has been a feasibility report of whether the proposed introduction of the new technology was likely to assist in its resolution etc? You should outline some of the considerations and also any specific requirements that were made to the program developers. You will then be able return to these as part of your evaluation to see if the implementation went well and whether training needs etc were properly addressed as well as comparing whether anticipated fiscal receipts and reduced backlogs targets were met.
Remember your RAP is intended to be objective – even if the whole thing failed that does not invalidate your RAP as long as you analyse why things went wrong and make recommendations. Obviously if it goes well you also need to present the evidence and show the basis for your judgments.August 16, 2014 at 3:29 pm
I have chosen topic 2 for non-for-profit company; its based on implementing the new finance system . I was hoping to do survey and evaluate it to see if uses/managers think that the system is assisting them and if is helpful in achieving company objectives. However I will not be able to do survey. Would you be able to recommend any other methods to evaluate if finance system can assist to meet key business objectives for non-for profit company?
Thank youAugust 16, 2014 at 5:25 pm
@sakinope Can you interview anyone from management and/or is there scope for personal observation? Otherwise you may have to do some sort of evaluation based on facts e.g. is the reporting period now shorter, so that variance reports and management information is available more quickly and if so, is there any way of assessing this impact on decisions? Is there any tangible evidence that the new system is helping in increasing surpluses/ reducing losses, or motivating staff? If there are none you can do the converse if you have sufficient data and actually do a negative evaluation – i.e. that the new system has made things worse. As far as your project is concerned it does not matter either way as long as there is sufficient evaluationSeptember 4, 2014 at 9:28 pm
hey thank you very much for your reply. I have got documents like benefit realisation, budget analysis, cut-over plan, risk register, project plan (case).
However I am really straggling to apply business models. Would for example ‘Business process redesign’ work? How would I go about that? And also how do i reference the internal company documents in RAP?
THanksSeptember 5, 2014 at 11:11 am
@sakinope. Remember it is how you use the documents and data that it important as you will need to go beyond just reporting it to fulfil the evaluation requirements. You would reference organisation documentation the same way as any other source however as you probably don’t have an actual author or possibly sometimes the date is lacking, you would probably end up by having something along the lines of: Society of Medical Research, n.d (a); or SMR, n.d.(b) etc to distinguish different documents. Wherever possible as these docs will not be in the public domain you should try to have extracts (possibly redacted) from them in the Appendices. If that isn’t possible then you will need to state in the Limitations section that due to confidentiality the documents used are not publicly available and in the reference list against each doc state ‘internal organisation document’
Regarding models. Yes the Business Process Redesign approach sounds a good idea if you can also apply it . Select a suitable diagram / chart ( simple ones are often better when it cones to actually trying to apply it yourself). A brief outline of BPR in your intro would be appropriate if you were lacking on the T2 equivalent of a ‘literature review’.September 20, 2014 at 5:41 pm
Is it possible to link the following scenario with this topic??
A company is planning to make some curtail raw materials in its own production facility. At present the company is sourcing these raw materials from third party. The plant investment in own facility will benefit the company in more than 1 ways ‘’cost effectiveness (cost of own production is less then cost of sourcing), risk minimization (dependency on the supplier is minimized), technology transfer (in-house production technology transfer the know how inside the company), Competitive advantage over other competitors in the market, Potential of selling the raw materials to other competitors after meeting own demand.September 23, 2014 at 9:41 am
Hi , would you be able to help. How do I apply DCF techniques in public sector if nearly all benefits are only soft benefits therefore non-cash flow? Do I still add these to calculation? For example manual process of converting PO’s is now Automatic PO Conversion which saved £3,500 p.a as finance staff spend less time on this task.
Thank you very much for your help.April 10, 2015 at 10:33 am
Could anyone suggest what business models would be apt for Topic 2?
Thanks! 🙂April 16, 2015 at 9:00 am
@privythus – we already have a forum for Topic 2 so I have merged the one you opened with it as that way as you will see your question was discussed by me and students in Sep 2014 above.
You will probably find it useful to read all the posts on this forum to help you with Topic 2. (If you have further questions relating to this particular topic please post them here. If your query is more general e.g. on referencing, appendices or mentor please post to the relevant topic forum).
NOTE TO ALL STUDENTS: This illustrates the point I keep making if you use the search facility you will often find the same query was asked previously so you do NOT need to open yet another new forum (Please read my forum “PLEASE HELP KEEP OUR FORUMS TIDY!!!!” as it helps everyone to have similar questions grouped together, avoids repetition and makes life easier for us all 😀 )April 17, 2015 at 7:40 am
@trephena Thanks, I’ll keep that in mind.
I submitted my RAP on Topic 2 in P29. I did my RAP on an Inland Container Depot to which I have personal access and can therefore gather information from internal sources. I used SWOT and Porter’s five forces analysis along with CSFs and KPIs. I failed on the grounds that this was the wrong choice of business models. The primary objective of implementing this technology (web based management information system) is more for operational (to make tedious processes quicker and increase accuracy) rather than solely financial objective.
I have considered using the building blocks model. Would a value chain analysis or balanced scorecard be appropriate to use along with the building blocks?
Thanks!April 17, 2015 at 8:19 am
@privythus – I am a bit surprised that you failed on models alone. I agree with the marker that Porter’s 5F’s isn’t particularly relevant (I have never been a great fan of this model as it seems to be one that is more from an academic point of view with the benefit of hindsight looking at why a business is successful but its practical applications are fairly limited). I tend to think that the value chain is a bit limited too (nothing personal against Porter!!). If you work for the organisation then the Balanced Scorecard if applied to how the new technology has impacted would probably be appropriate alongside Fitzgerald & Moon. Generally the BSC is badly applied as it needs internal knowledge to apply well (it is intended to be a management strategic tool and not designed for application by RAP students) but if you work for the company this should not be a problem.
The whole idea of having to use models is that they should facilitate the production of the RAP and integrate it – i.e. the models are not supposed to ‘stand alone’ but assist with the analysis. A SWOT if applied to the new technology itself (as opposed to the company generally) should have been OK.
The usual reason for T2 fails is a tendency to relate what went on rather than answering the Topic Title e.g. evaluating and then assessing its usefulnessApril 17, 2015 at 8:37 am
@trephena Thank you so much for your reply! It has definitely helped me get a much clearer insight as to what exactly is expected of my RAP.
Cheers! 🙂September 29, 2015 at 7:51 pm
I currently work for a housing association (not for profit charity) and I am looking to do my RAP on the implementation of a purchase ordering system and the upgrade to the financial system. I was closely involved in this implementation and have a lot of information to hand. I intend to interview some key personnel, carry out a SWOT analysis. My aim is to identify why the need for this implementation, what benefits/limitations have come about due to the implementation and what the future holds (development etc). I would like to complete my RAP and submit for the latest timeframe in November 18th 2015. However, it looks like you are averaging 3 months for the completion. My 2 questions are would there be any other models you think would be beneficial to my RAP and also do you think it would be feasible to complete within this timeframe?
Thanks in advance.
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