Forums › Ask ACCA Tutor Forums › Ask the Tutor ACCA FM Exams › ArmCliff
- This topic has 1 reply, 2 voices, and was last updated 2 months ago by John Moffat.
- March 8, 2023 at 2:02 pm #680499sindParticipant
- Topics: 49
- Replies: 33
Armcliff Co is a division of Shevin Inc., which requires each of its divisions to achieve a rate
of return on capital employed of at least 10% pa. For this purpose, capital employed is
defined as fixed capital and investment in inventories. This rate of return is also applied as a
hurdle rate for new investment projects. Divisions have limited borrowing powers and all
capital projects are centrally funded.
The following is an extract from Armcliff’s divisional accounts:
Statement of profit or loss for the year ended 31 December 20X4
Sales revenue 120
Cost of sales (100)
Operating profit 20
Assets employed as at 31 December 20X4
Non?current assets (NBV) 75
Current assets (including inventories $25m) 45
Current liabilities (32)
Net capital employed 88
Armcliff’s production engineers wish to invest in a new computer?controlled press. The
equipment cost is $14m. The residual value is expected to be $2m after four years
operation, when the equipment will be shipped to a customer in South America.
The new machine is capable of improving the quality of the existing product and also of
producing a higher volume. The firm’s marketing team is confident of selling the increased
volume by extending the credit period.
The expected additional sales are:
Year 1 2,000,000 units
Year 2 1,800,000 units
Year 3 1,600,000 units
Year 4 1,600,000 units
Sales volume is expected to fall over time due to emerging competitive pressures.
Competition will also necessitate a reduction in price by $0.50 each year from the $5 per
unit proposed in the first year. Operating costs are expected to be steady at $1 per unit,
and allocation of overheads (none of which are affected by the new project) by the central
finance department is set at $0.75 per unit.
Higher production levels will require additional investment in inventories of $0.5m, which
would be held at this level until the final stages of operation of the project. Customers at
present settle accounts after 90 days on average
How do we calculate the operating costs in this question?March 8, 2023 at 4:20 pm #680514John MoffatKeymaster
- Topics: 56
- Replies: 52395
The operating costs are $1 per unit and so you multiply that by the number of units.
(The allocation of overheads is irrelevant).
This is an astonishingly old question. You really should be using a current edition of a Revision Kit from one of the ACCA Approved Publishers which is full of questions representing the current sale of exam questions.
- You must be logged in to reply to this topic.