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June 22, 2022 at 11:02 am
Beautiful explanations. Thank you Sir.
Please does the format of the statement of cash flows depend on the operations of the company?
I am looking at a statement of cash flows from a bank and “Interest and dividend received” is captured under Cash flows from operating activities while ‘Dividend paid” is under Cash flows from financing activities.
June 22, 2022 at 11:15 am
Got it Sir. You answered at the end of the lecture. Thank you
John Moffat says
June 22, 2022 at 12:42 pm
March 22, 2022 at 9:10 pm
I do not understand how to calculate net decrease in cash? and cast at end of year?
Can you break it down, please?
Thank you in advance.
March 22, 2022 at 9:14 pm
I figured out net decrease in cash, but still do not understand cash at end of year.
March 22, 2022 at 9:16 pm
Got it all!
March 23, 2022 at 7:55 am
That’s good 🙂
March 10, 2022 at 4:12 pm
Hi John, thank you for the amazing explanation. It helped me a lot!
In your lecture the Interest expense and interest paid are the same figure. In other scenario how can I distingue them?
March 11, 2022 at 8:02 am
If the amount paid was less then the expense for the year then there would be an amount show as owing on the SOFP.
November 18, 2021 at 10:27 pm
Good evening, thanks for the good lecture!
I have a quick question, why do we deduct any gains on a sale of non – current assets from the net profit in a cash flow statement?
November 19, 2021 at 6:34 am
Because the profit itself is not a cash flow. It is the sale proceeds that are an actual cash flow, and they are shown under the heading of investing activities.
November 19, 2021 at 10:55 am
Thanks for your answer! Great help!
November 19, 2021 at 2:46 pm
You are welcome 🙂
October 5, 2021 at 4:33 am
Good day Sir, I don’t get how changes in inventory, payable and receivables explain receipt or payment of cash.
June 25, 2021 at 8:41 pm
Sir, Is your notes enough rather than reading the whole textbook?. I find your notes concise and to the point,
btw thank you for your amazing lecture.
June 26, 2021 at 8:32 am
Thank you for your comment 🙂
April 20, 2021 at 9:20 am
Can you please explain the tax treatment in a little more detail?
If we pay tax the following year, is B/f amount at the start of the year an estimate which comes in as current liability of previous year and how is tax charge of the year in SPL calculated and lastly why did we pay 490000 tax when the charge for the year is 39000?
What is our ultimate tax liability for the current year?
April 20, 2021 at 4:09 pm
The tax charge for this year is the figure in the SOPL of $39,000. You cannot be required to calculate the tax in Paper FA – the calculation is not examined until Paper TX.
At the end of last year they owed $30,000. We don’t know what the total tax charge last year was because they will probably have paid some of the tax doing the year, but they need up owing $30,000
So this year they will have paid the $30,000 that was owing.
This year the tax charge for the year was $39,000. They were only owing $20,000 at the end of the year and so they must have paid the other $19,000 during the year.
Therefore the total cash paid during the year must have been 30,000 + 19,000 = $49,000.
March 31, 2021 at 12:10 pm
Hello, Can you please explain how we would have calculated the value of purchase of non current asset if cost and accumulated depreciation would have been given and role of disposal account in the calculation?
I am getting confused with the previous lectures on depreciation.
March 31, 2021 at 2:26 pm
You would write up the cost account and the accumulated depreciation account in the normal way (as in my lectures on depreciation) and the purchase would be the missing figure in the cost account.
February 2, 2021 at 3:10 pm
If there is a note added – like that of disposal during the year of an item of plant which had so and so accumulated depreciation (thus we minus this from original cost and put disposal of carrying amount). Similarly, under the t account of NBV when you add the depreciation charge, does the accumulated depreciation of the disposal have any effect on its value also in anyway ?
February 2, 2021 at 5:24 pm
Yes. The profit or loss on sale is the difference between the sale proceeds and the net book value of the asset sold (as I explain in my lectures on non-current assets).
February 2, 2021 at 6:09 pm
Sir I think you misunderstood me, maybe because I did not frame my question clearly, but thanks God, I found the answer somehow.
First we do the Acc.Depr T account, and find the Depreciation charge. In this t-account is the Acc.Depr of the Disposal added to the Debit side and thus removed and as a result affecting the overall value of the Depreciation Charge on the Credit side, the answer of which would later be added to the NBV t account on credit side for further calculations in order to find the Purchase amount on the debit side.
Sorry if I made my question seem ambiguous, and thankyou once again for your rich lectures and notes, and swift help at the forums always 🙂
February 1, 2021 at 5:15 pm
Since Revaluation surplus is an item that belongs to the original Non Current Cost T -account instead of the NBV/Carrying T-Account; would there be any adjustments to make to the Revaluation surplus inserted into the NBV T-Account, shown on the SOFP, besides reducing the revaluation surplus amt of the last year? Any adjustments connected to the Acc.Depreciation amount ? Please do also provide reason.
February 1, 2021 at 5:31 pm
My reasoning would be: since NBV is original Non Current Asset less Acc.Depreciation. We thus remove Acc.Depr amount from the Revaluation surplus as:
Dr. asset cost
Dr Acc Depreciation
The total amount of above forms:
Cr. revaluation surplus.
As we are playing with the T account of Carrying Amount (Asset cost less Acc.Depr), we do not have to enter the Acc.Depr. Portion of the Revaluation Surplus, just like with another example – Disposals – in the NBV T-Account we enter the Disposals at carrying amount (Original asset cost less Acc.Depr) as you showed in the lecture above.
February 2, 2021 at 6:30 am
A revaluation changes both the balance in the cost account and automatically therefore the NBV. The entries for a revaluation are all explained in the lectures on Limited Companies.
February 1, 2021 at 4:44 pm
1. Does the Non Current Asset displayed in the FS always represent NBV/Carrying Amount ? Or if Accumulated Depreciation is given, then it means at Original cost ? Is there some default rule ?
2. When calculating using the T account for Cash flows – is this memorandum style or dual effect style ?
January 12, 2021 at 12:35 pm
do we have to take adminis. expense into account?
January 12, 2021 at 1:45 pm
The profit before tax is always already after charging all expenses.
December 30, 2020 at 7:32 am
thank you for the amazing lecture. hope i got this right: 1) dividends paid is the sum of retained earnings of previous year and profit of the year(after tax) less retained earnings of this year. 2) In the event we have non current liabilities of current year exceeding that of previous year, we will adjust cash flow from financing activities by adding the difference and vice versa. 3) i was wondering why we add interest to profit and again subtract the same. i felt that the interest will cancel out and don’t need to be added as it has no effect.
December 30, 2020 at 8:35 am
(1) and (2) are correct.
For (3), we add back to the profit the interest charged for the year, and then subtract the interest actually paid. Usually in the exam the two are the same (in practice they could be different because some of the interest might still be owing), but we are required to show the interest payment separately by the accounting standard.
December 16, 2020 at 11:57 am
Thank you sir so much for this amazing lecture.
December 16, 2020 at 3:57 pm
November 11, 2020 at 1:22 pm
Thankyou for the important lengthy lecture. I have a couple of question arising from this as a result.
1) Are the values of the Non Current Asset in the SOFP always at NBV instead of original cost (I need a revision), as you said to the other user right now -we don’t know the original cost.
2) Under Cashflow from Investments; within the T-table, when you credited 20,000 why did you debit reference to Sales. Does sales decrease?
3) Under Cashflow from Finance, even though there was issuance of shares of 70,000, what guarantee we have that all the money was paid for the purchase of those shares, and nothing was left pending to be called upon for by the Company later on from the Shareholders. If we applied caution to derive calculations for all other workings, we should consider here as well this point, don’t you think as well ?
November 11, 2020 at 2:56 pm
1. The SOFP always shows the NBV (but might give the breakdown between the cost and the accumulated depreciation).
2. By t-table, I assume you mean the t-account. I wrote sales simply because it was the sale of the asset. The double entry is not to sales at all (and I explain the double entries in my earlier lecture). However this is only quick workings to sort out what was spent on assets. Nobody looks at the workings in the exam and nobody cares what the double entry is. In an exam I would not have written anything against the figures.
3. If there was money still to be called up then the question would have tell you. These days money is not left to be called up – it could happen in theory, but it doesn’t happen in practice.
November 11, 2020 at 3:20 pm
2. Yes you are right. Would the debit be towards disposal ?
3. So in general practice nowdays, it has become a custom for most to pay full on payment at first go itself ? That’s why by default we consider issuing of shares = cash inflow
September 30, 2020 at 9:43 pm
Sir please in the previous lectures on non-current assets, you said when we are to credit the non-current asset with disposal, you credit it with the original cost of the asset that was sold but here you credited it with the net book value. So please which is which?
October 1, 2020 at 9:28 am
In this example, if we knew the cost of the asset and the accumulated depreciation, then we would make the full entries (credit cost, debit disposal; and debit accumulated depreciation, credit disposal).
However we don’t know the cost and accumulated depreciation here. All we know is the net book value, so we credit net book value with the book value of the asset sold.
October 1, 2020 at 6:20 pm
Understood. Thank you Sir.
October 2, 2020 at 9:12 am
May 17, 2022 at 10:40 am
Hi Sir, thank you so much for your explaination but I am still a bit confused regarding the NBV in this question, the information stated that ” during the year there had been sales of non-current assets for $30,000. The assets sold had originally cost $50,000 and had the NBV of $20,000″
So the question is why we dont credit the original cost which is $50.000?
May 17, 2022 at 4:41 pm
By all means credit the cost of the asset and debit the disposal account with 50,000
In addition however we need to debit the accumulated depreciation and credit the disposal account with 30,000.
The net effect is exactly the same (and, of course, you cannot be asked to produce t-accounts in the exam) 🙂
May 18, 2022 at 10:23 am
I got it, i forgot about the disposal account. Thank you so much sir 🙂
May 18, 2022 at 7:47 pm
You’re welcome 🙂
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