August 13, 2016 at 10:07 pm
I am about to commence work on T6 and was wondering which theories are better to use, for example can I use the old theories such as Maslow’s, Hertzberg’s and Vroom’s or do I have to research more recent ones?
If yes can I be given some examples please?August 14, 2016 at 12:36 am
Yes those 3 are fine. If you want a higher grade you really need to bring in more contemporary aspects of motivation as I have mentioned previously. As for examples – I am sorry but a degree is about working somethings out for yourself – read the theories and do a bit of research!August 14, 2016 at 11:35 pm
Thanks for your prompt reply. When I asked for examples I really had some theories in mind that I had researched and was wondering if I was on the right path in terms of these being a bit more modern, for example I found one named the goal setting theory of motivation by Edwin Locke and reinforcement theory by BF Skinner.August 23, 2016 at 8:38 am
On demotivators is it the same as hygiene factorsSeptember 1, 2016 at 11:33 am
I have been told by someone to include evidence of a spreadsheet. how do I go about itSeptember 1, 2016 at 6:59 pm
@phillips – apologies a system blip deleted my response made a week or so ago.
As a former student of psychology I remember Skinner more in the context of conditioning rather than motivation in the workplace (Skinner’s box ?). I am not sure how it applies to work in the 21st century but if you can provide valid explanations that are relevant then it may be appropriate (you are expected to apply rather than just state theories).
My personal favourite theories are Adam’s Equity theory as it also helps explain aggrieved workers and negative attitudes in the workplace in some cases. I also like McClelland and his achievement motivation theory as there are people who just like to succeed whatever the context (e.g. in school) and that often transfers to their attitude to work. It possibly has some commonalities with Edwin Locke’s Goal-setting theory.
Most of the classic theories go back to the 19060’s and 70’s and so to get an A grade I think you would need to supplement your theories with some discussion of the current issues in the work place. For example the long-hours culture (something that probably did not exist when most of the classic theorists were hypothesising and putting their theories together); workplace stress and work-life balance, increasing lack of job security (zero hour contracts) and changes in benefits (end of final salary pensions). On the plus side more employers offer greater flexibility – so how does this motivate? Some employees are also attracted by the opportunity to ‘buy’ more leave (or sacrifice days off and ‘sell them back’ to the company). I am considering the UK working environment here and obviously some of the issues mentioned would not necessarily be applicable in another countryOctober 16, 2016 at 2:45 pm
thank you for the assistance you give on this forum it is of great help,im doing toipc 6 and i wanted to find out if im using hrm company records in my project if i can scan and include them on the appendix or i just state that i took information from them with out putting themOctober 16, 2016 at 4:11 pm
It is always good to produce back-up primary data as it adds validity and reliability to your work. However check that the company is happy that you will be forwarding it to OBU (it will not go further than the ACCA OBU team marking the project and not forwarded to anyone outside of that team as it is confidential information). Normally as part of ethics compliance you would need to have a letter from the company permitting you to use their internal information and you are required to upload a copy of this.October 18, 2016 at 10:38 am
thank you trephena will do just that came up wit another question, in my chapter 3 of data analysis is it ok in order to save on the word count to include some of my tables ,graphs on the appendix page and state in my rap that according to appendix 1 this shows…….. or i should definately include the tables or charts in chapter 3 please assist if you canOctober 19, 2016 at 1:00 pm
It is fine to have the questionnaire, raw data and the detail in the Appendices but you should not put everything in there!
The marker’s objective is to mark your work quickly, fairly and objectively and the Assessment Criteria put the onus on you to present your work clearly. if the marker has to break off over few minutes and look something up in the Appendices they will start to get frustrated. If you frustrate them you will be punished -either for Presentation of the data (it was presented badly) or Communication (your work did not flow properly as all the breaks meant they had to keep re-reading to understand what was going on). Either way you will be dead in the water! 🙁
Instead edit your earlier sections -as I have said 100s of times -the marker is not interested in the report about why you chose the topic etc. Remember too the Golden Rule: Appendices are for extra / ancillary information -if it is essential in order to understand your text it’s rightful place is in the main body of the reportNovember 2, 2016 at 5:05 pm
hie thank you once again for the help now approaching the critical stage of the project just wanted to find out in chapter 3 if it is ok when i show my results as a graph or table to put immediately the analysis or i just shoew the graph and state the results then do the analysis towards the end of the project pliz help .November 2, 2016 at 9:00 pm
Generally you need to show a result and or do a graph, analyse it and be sure to link it to relevant theory then move on to the next point / result and so on.
Don’t stack too many graphs up and discuss them pages later without a very good reason – otherwise the marker has to keep scrolling up and down – they will then get hacked off as they want to be able to get on and mark- not waste time trying to piece things together or hunt for things. If work is badly set out or doesn’t flow properly it will result in fails (presentation of the data or communication)November 15, 2016 at 5:39 pm
please assist last minute want to know when we do the excell spreadsheet for the appendix should it be for all the graphs and pie charts in the data and analysis or we select a few for the appendix , also wanted to know if we should include the graphs as on the excel spreadsheet or we leave them out since they are already in the body of the RP??? please reply urgent trephenaNovember 16, 2016 at 12:54 am
You need to show your raw data (not just percentages but the actual results from the survey) include a copy of the questionnaire AND a letter of authority from the company. Regarding the graphs: normally these would have been produced from the raw data and are on one the worksheets do it is obvious you have produced them from this. No you wouldn’t have to have them all in the excel file – but how did you make pie charts and graphs without them being already in the spreadsheet?November 16, 2016 at 8:38 am
Dear Period 33 Students,
Today 16 November 2016 being the Latest day for submission of RAP Online, I wish you the best of luck in your submissions. Don’t leave it to the end, make sure that you submit today before close of business to avoid any inconveniencing .
Good luck to you all.
JosephJune 7, 2017 at 5:57 pm
I have chosen topic 6 for my RAP and I am happy with the models, company and primary data that will be involved. However coming from a country with a lack of employment and industry statistics etc:
1. To what extent is secondary data used in the project? Based on the research questions for this topic can I control how much importance is given to secondary data as against applying the models in the project?
2. Is a comparator organisation necessary for this topic?
3. Can research from similar studies in similar organisations outside my country be used as secondary data?
Grateful for your adviceJune 8, 2017 at 12:56 am
1. Secondary data is important to put your work into an appropriate context. For example to show whether pay rates and Terms and conditions in your chosen organisation are typical or inferior/superior as these factors might affect the results of your primary data. Regarding models / techniques with T6 these are normally good application of about 3 different motivation theories.
2. No, a comparator as such is not normally required but if you have a problem with supplying statistics for pay rates and standard T & Cs (holiday, sick pay, other workplace benefits for example) then you may use another company as,a comparator.
3. Yes, I think this would be appropriate. Also I think it could be appropriate too to question whether theories like Maslow and Herzberg which were created in the 1950s and 70s in the USA are applicable in both the 21st century and across cultural contexts. ( These could be part of the research objectives).
It is using data to draw comparisons and presenting balanced arguments that could lift work to a higher grade as critical thought normally leads to a good pass.June 9, 2017 at 4:01 am
I have some additional thoughts.
I plan to use an online questionnaire and selected interviews for primary research and available journals, articles etc for secondary data.
I’ve seen in the exemplars referencing to secondary research throughout the project eg. for definitions etc. so would it be correct to assume that even mentioning generational, cultural contexts will have to be supported by research or is there room for my opinions.
I ask also because I think I’ve seen on these forums that a literature review was involved and this somewhat limits the analysis to what is mentioned there.June 9, 2017 at 5:04 am
I am interested in your triangulation approach and would appreciate feedback on applying it.
Say I construct my survey with age group as a question.
I link this to other variables eg pay.
I interview subjects and further link their responses to a set of variables based on their age
I mention that the theories chosen do not cater for generational factors of motivation.
I cite a modern research article etc to show how generations do affect factors of motivation.
I conclude that generation may be a factor based on the study
Even though the theories might not support this is it still not a valid conclusion?June 9, 2017 at 7:58 am
The Concept of triangulation involves using multiple data sources in an investigation to produce understanding.like i mentioned in the previous article,what is is involved is that you need to obtain findings from different data sources.The data sources may include but not limited to articles ,magazines,books ,journals and then you must support your findings from with these sources so that you can have a firm support for your conclusions on each and every research outcomes.
i want to help you but you need to provide more insights on your research topic and research question and findings.However,my understanding is that if you have age groups as a variable it could mean you are studying on population nevertheless age is always a factor on demographic.
if your research topic is based on aged groups,this should be supported by a theoretical framework and then the outcomes from the question should be evaluated in light with other data sources such as reports from statistical reports,newspapers,media reports,journal and articles regarding the same issue at hand and then draw conclusions based on the analysis of both the primary and secondary data and then draw a conclusion on that reasearch outcome and then you do it for the rest of the outcomes.
Whatever you are working on should be based on the theoretical framework and or conceptual frmawork otherwise your conclusion would be subjective and questionable.June 9, 2017 at 8:47 pm
@rajiv – the literary review involving I would suggest about 3 motivation theories or possibly 4 (but no more) is in part 2. In the limitations section you are entitled to question (with appropriate reasons) whether some of the theories are relevant in your cultural context. For example if you were doing your research on a tea company you could suggest that the security aspect of Maslow is probably more relevant to tea pickers than self-actualization though the latter may apply to middle managers. Is Herzberg really applicable outside developed nations as it may be a case of work or starve and where competition for jobs is great a worker may do their best to keep their jobs.
The theories can appear a bit static however the applicability can change. I notice that more and more people in the UK go along with the ‘long-hours’ culture not because they are motivated to work harder but fear job loss,and getting in debt (perhaps this is a modern day update of McGregor where fear is used to drive performance?). You are entitled to build up arguments like this but try to support them with articles and reputable opinion where possible.
Online questionnaires are fine but test out your questions first on a few colleagues to ensure they are clear, understood and unambiguous.
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